Anabolic steroids classification. Types of steroids
Athletes who have already used steroids for weight gain, and those athletes who want to know how to quickly pump up in the gym, often ask the same question – what are anabolic steroids? What types and types of these drugs exist, and what is their effect on the body? Undoubtedly, anabolic steroid preparations differ in their effect on the athlete’s body. And therefore, every athlete who plans to use them will get acquainted with the classification of anabolic steroids. In this article, we will consider the general anabolic steroids classification and analyze in detail some types of these drugs.
A general definition of anabolic steroids
Anabolic agents are substances which can enhance anabolic processes in the body. It`s the substances that accelerate the formation and renewal of the structural parts of cells, tissues and muscle structures. Athletes can use anabolic steroids, first of all, for quick and high-quality weight gain. These drugs came to sports medicine mainly from official medicine and veterinary medicine. You can learn more about the general properties of steroids in this article.
In medicine, medics use drugs of this group during the rehabilitation period after serious illnesses and injuries, as well as to accelerate the healing of wounds and burns. Anabolics facilitate the absorption of substances necessary for cell growth. Thus, stimulating a gain in body weight and an increase in muscle strength. It is this property that has become the basis of the wide non-medical use of anabolic steroids in sports.
Anabolic steroids classification
Basically, anabolic steroids are the derivatives of the main male hormone – testosterone. It was the drugs of this hormone that were the first steroid drugs that athletes took. But a number of other substances may also have anabolic properties. Below we will introduce an approximate classification of anabolic agents.
- Hormones and their derivatives – androgens, growth hormone, pituitary hormones, hypothalamic hormones, insulin and others.
- Anti-hormonal drugs are mainly drugs for post-course therapy. This includes substances such as Tamoxifen, Clomiphene citrate. You can read more about the preparations for post-cycle therapy and the rules for its implementation in more detail in this article.
- Synthetic anabolic steroids. This includes an extensive range of drugs, here are some of them: Methandrostenolone, Phenobolin, Silabolin, Methylandrostenediol. Also, this is Retabolil, Oksimetalon, Halotestin, Nelivar, Ethylestrenol, Stanozolol, Primobolan, Norboleton. Many athletes also use Bolasteron, Oxymesterone, Acetaterolone, Chlortosterone.
- Vitamins and coenzymes, herbal preparations with anabolic effects are also preparations with steroid action.
But it should be understood that such a classification of steroid substances is approximate. Given the fact that more and more new substances are created almost every day, this division of drugs can change. Below we will analyze the most popular steroids among bodybuilders. And also consider their effects and side effects.
Testosterone is a part of steroids classification
Testosterone and its derivatives remain one of the most popular steroid drugs. It is one of the main anabolic steroids, which is in the base of almost all cycles and complexes. This drug is useful both in gaining muscle mass and when working on relief and weight loss. Although in each case, a certain kind of it is preferable. For example, experienced athletes recommend choosing Testosterone enanthate and cypionate to gain muscle mass. And for weight loss or drying, Testosterone propionate is more useful.
But derivatives of testosterone also have disadvantages. Since this is the very first steroid, it has many side effects. Firstly, it aromatizes well. This means that the athlete after the course will have an increased level of estrogen. After the testosterone course, post-cycle therapy is necessary. Secondly, large doses of this drug can affect the synthesis of male sex hormones. This, in turn, can lead to violations in the reproductive system.
The most popular steroid in the world today is Methandrostenolone. Its commercial name is Danabol (Dianabol). This drug is also a derivative of androgens. It was obtained synthetically. Many of the disadvantages of this drug can be completely eliminated if used correctly. Dianabol quickly and effectively increases muscle mass. But after the course, there may be a phenomenon of a rollback of results. The drug is moderately toxic to the liver and kidneys. It can also be converted to estrogen.
This medication is available in oral tablets. It is similar in structure to Dianabol, but with an additional chlorine atom. This means that Turinabol does not cause estrogen side effects. But Turinabol is toxic to the liver in high doses, so it is often used in combination courses.
Nandrolone (Deca-Durabolin, Retabolil)
Nandrolone Decanoate ranks first among anabolic steroids. Deca Durabolin is currently the best anabolic steroid for gaining muscle mass. It is distinguished by high efficiency and relative safety. This drug also has low androgenic activity, a slight rollback phenomenon, lack of aromatization and low toxicity. Deca Durabolin can be used as a separate drug or in combination. It is also important to note that this drug increases prolactin levels.
Oxymetholone (Anadrol, Anapolon)
This anabolic steroid is one of the most powerful. By the ability to increase muscle mass and strength, not a single drug can compare with it. At the same time, Anadrol has pronounced side effects. It can cause liver damage, hypertrophy of the heart muscle, hormonal imbalance. Adverse reactions are especially pronounced when exceeding the recommended doses or the duration of the cycle.
Trenbolone in steroids classification
Trenbolone is a derivative of testosterone. Chemically, the drug is similar to Retabolil, however, it has greater androgenic activity. Trenbolone is about 4 times more powerful than Deca Durabolin, while at the same time it has a significantly higher frequency of side effects. Trenbolone has a unique ability. It increases the level of insulin-like growth factor, and also increases the sensitivity of receptors to it.
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